Three causes of damaged hair and how to avoid them


If you’re reading this post, I guess it’s because you feel your hair isn’t in such good condition as it should be. But don’t worry; damage can be repaired as long as you’re prepared to invest a little time and effort.

There are three types of damage your hair may suffer from…

1. Lack of moisture
When your hair is short of moisture it looks dull and lacks shine and vibrancy.

The cause
When the hair dries out it lacks the vital nutrients needed to be healthy. The most common cause of this is too much heat from your hair-dryer or straighteners.

The solutions
When drying your hair, its fine to use the hot setting whilst the hair is still quite wet, but as soon as it starts to dry out then turn the setting down. Better still, if you have the time, leave your hair to air dry until almost dry and then use the hair-dryer just at the end to style.

When using straighteners, straighten each section just once or twice and resist the temptation to keep going over and over. Remember, straighteners get incredibly hot – about 400°F – so try and limit how much you use them as much as possible.

Whenever you are using heat on your hair, it’s essential that you use heat protection. Many styling products include this but make sure you check. We recommend the KMS range of products as they all have heat protection.


Lastly, to restore and then maintain natural moisture, make sure you condition your hair every time you wash it. If your hair is in really bad condition, it may be worth booking a deep mositurising treatment at the salon. Alternatively, there are moisture masks you can use at home and it really is important to use one at least once a fortnight.

2. Environmental damage
When your hair is damaged your colour fades quickly and your hair never really feels clean.

The cause
Environmental factors such as the heat of the sun, salt from the sea and traffic pollution, plus chemicals, like chlorine in the swimming pool.

The solutions

Even when the sun doesn’t feel particularly hot, it can still do damage to your hair. Always wear a hat when out in the sun and if you’re on holiday and spending the day sunbathing, apply a leave in conditioner. It will prevent your hair from drying out and can then be rinsed out at the end of the day. Also, look for hair products that contain UV protection – we love KMS Shine and Shield


Sea salt and chlorine are the enemies of dry and damaged hair, so again, a leave in conditioner will provide some protection. Rinse your hair before swimming as wet hair actually absorbs fewer of these harmful elements, and rinse again when you get out of the water.

To remove build up of products and pollution in the hair, use a clarifying shampoo for a really deep clean. Use it a couple of times a month and you’ll really notice the difference.

Or why not book in at the Salon for a two part Detox and Nourish treatment to give your hair a fresh start? Part one of the treatment gently removes any unwanted residue or build-up left by shampoos, conditioners & styling products before the second part moisturises and strengthens your hair leaving it shiny and stronger without feeling heavy.

3. Chemical damage
The physical structure of your hair becomes broken and needs rebuilding. Your hair looks and feels fuzzy and it struggles to hold a style.

The cause
Over use of chemical services such as hair colour, perming or chemical straightening.

The solution
Give your hair a break! If your hair is really badly damaged you may need to take a break from chemical processes for a while. Speak to your stylist about the options. Maybe she can suggest a great new hairstyle that removes some of the damage.

One of the easiest ways to cause damage to coloured hair is to “overlap” too frequently. What this means is adding more colour to coloured hair, over and over again. The best way to avoid this is to apply colour only to the new growth and not to comb the product through to the ends unless necessary. Also, make sure you use a shampoo and conditioner formulated for coloured hair as this will protect and nourish your hair.

Be realistic. If you are a brunette and want to go blonde, this can’t be done in one stage and is inevitably going to involve a fair amount of chemical processes. If you want to make a drastic change, talk to you hairdresser and ask her for a plan of how you can achieve this over the course of several months without inflicting unnecessary damage on your hair.

Semi Permanent Colours are always a good idea as they are much kinder than tint and they tend to fade rather than grow out with a distinct line. The downside is that they don’t last as long and generally don’t cover grey as well.

Finally, once you’ve restored damaged hair back to full health, keep it that way by:Top-30-long-wavy-hairstyles-2013-9[1]

• Having your hair trimmed regularly to avoid split ends and damage re-appearing.

• Keeping up a good routine with the regular use of a conditioning treatment.

• Always using a heat protection product.

• Avoiding the overuse of chemical processes.